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Refrences
Surgical Anatomy

1. Anderson J: A reasoned approach to nasal bone surgery. Arch. Otolaryngol. 110:349, 1984.
2. Anderson J.R. A personal technique of rhinoplasty. Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 8:559, 1975.
3. Batson, O.V. The venous networks of the nasal mucosa. Ann. Rhinol. Laryngol. 63:571, 1954.
4. Bernstein, L. Surgical anatomy in rhinoplasty. Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 8:549, 1975.
5. Burgett, G., and Menica, F.J. Nasal support and lining: The marriage of beauty and blood supply. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 84:189, 1989.
6. Byrd, S. aesthetic balance of the nose, lip and chin. Presented at Texas Rhinoplasty Symposium, Dallas, March 1990.
7. Converse, J.M. The cartilaginous structures of the nose. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. 64:220, 1955.
8. Cottle, M.H. Structures and function of the nasal vestibule. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 62:173, 1955.
9. Crumley RJ, Lancer M: Quantitative analysis of the nasal tip projection. Laryngoscope 98:202-208, 1988.
10. Daniel RK, Letourmeau A: Nasal anatomy, Ann. Plast. Surg. 205:5-13, 1988.
11. Daniel RK. The nasal tip: Anatomy and aesthetics. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 89:216, 1992.
12. Daniel, R.K., and Lessard, M.L. Rhinoplasty: A graded aesthetic-anatomical approach. Ann. Plast. Surg. 13:436, 1984.
13. Dingman, R.O., and Natvig, P. Surgical anatomy in aesthetic and corrective rhinoplasty. Plast. Surg. Clin. 4:111, 1977.
14. Dion, M.D., Jafek, B.W., and Tobin, C.E. the anatomy of the nose. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 104:145, 1978.
15. Deneke JH, Meyer J: Plastic Surgery on the Head and Neck. New York, Springer-Verlag, 1967.
16. Faigin G: Facial Expression. New York, Watson-Guptill, 1990, pp 24-25.
17. Griesman B: Muscles and cartilages of the nose from the standpoint of a typical rhinoplasty. Arch. Otolaryngol. 39:334, 1944
18. Gilbert, J.G., and Feit, L.J. The nasal aponeurosis and its role in rhinoplasty. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Nech Surg. 61:433, 1955.
19. Haight JSJ, Cole P: The site and function of the nasal valve. Laryngoscope 93:49, 1983.
20. Hamm J: Drawing the Head and Figure. New York, Putnam Publishing, 1963, p 29.
21. Larrabee WF Jr, Makielski KH: Surgery Anatomy of the Face. New York, Raven Press, 1993, p 154-155.
22. Lessard ML, Daniel RK: Surgical anatomy of the septorhinoplasty. Arch. Otolaryngol. 111-25, 1985.
23. McKinney, P., Johnson, P., and Walloch, J. Anatomy of the nasal hump. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 77:404, 1986.
24. Mink PJ: Le nez comme voie respiratory. Presse Otolaryngol. (Belg) 418, 1903.
25. Parell, G.J., and Becker, G.D. The "tension nose." Facial Plast. Surg. 1:81, 1984.
26. Peck, G.C., and Michelson, L.N. Anatomy of aesthetic surgery of the nose. Plast. Surg. Clin. 14:737, 1987.
27. Pitanguy, I. Surgical importance of a dermocartilaginous ligament in bulbous noses. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 36:247, 1965.
28. Rohrich, R.J., and Gunter, J.P. Vascular basis for external approach to rhinoplasty. Surg. Forum 13:240, 1990.
29. Sheen, J.H., and Sheen, A.P. Aesthetic Rhinoplasty (2nd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby, 1987.
30. Sheen JH: Aesthetic rhinoplasty. St. Louis, CV Mosby, 1978.
31. Sykes JM, Senders CW: Surgery of the cleft lip nasal deformity. Operative Tech Otolaryngol 1:219-224, 1990.
32. Tardy. M.E., and Brown, R.J. Surgical Anatomy of the Nose. New York: Raven, 1990.
33. Zelnik, J., and Gingrass, R.P. Anatomy of the alar cartilage. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 9:193, 1985.
34. Zide, B.M. Nasal anatomy: The muscles and tip sensation. Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 9:193, 1985.
35. Zmgaro, E.A., and Falees, E. Aesthetic anatomy of the non-caucasian nose. Plast. Surg. Clin. 14:749, 1987.

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