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Refrences
Local Anesthesia

1. Anderson, JR. A personal technique of rhinoplasty. Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 8:559, 1975.
2. Bachman, W., and Legler, U. Studies on the structure and function of the anterior section of the nose by means of luminal impressions. Acta Otolaryngol. (Stockh) 73: 433, 1972.
3. Batson, O.V. the venous networks of the nasal mucosa. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. 63:571, 1954.
4. Bernstein, L. Submucous operation on the nasal septum. Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 6: 549, 1975.
5. Bernstein, L. Surgical anatomy in rhinoplasty. Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 8: 549, 1975.
6. Converse, J.M. Corrective rhinoplasty. In I.M. Converse (ed), Reconstructive Plastic Surgery (2nd ed). Philadelphia: Saunders, 1977.
7. Converse, J.M. The cartilaginous structures of the nose. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. 64: 220, 1955.
8. Cottle, J.M., et al. The "maxilla-premaxillary" approach to extensive nasal septum surgery. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 68: 301, 1958.
9. Daniel R.K., and Farkas, L.G. Rhinoplasty: Image and reality. Plast. Surg. Clin. 15: 1, 1988.
10. Dion, M.D., Jafek, B.W., and Tobin, C.E. The anatomy of the nose. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Nech Surg. 104:145, 1978.
11. Farkas, L.G., Kolar, J.C., and Munro, I.R. Geography of the nose: A morphologic study. Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 10:191,1986.
12. Gray, V.D. Physiologic returning of the upper lateral cartilage. Rhinology 8:56, 1970.
13. Hollingshead, W.H. Anatomy for Surgeons: Vol. I. Head and Neck (3rd ed) Philadelphia: Harper & Row, 1982.
14. Lessard, M., and Daniel, R.K. Surgical anatomy of septorhino-plasty. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 111:25, 1985.
15. McCollough, E.G. Local anesthesia reactions and treatment. Emerg Med, August, 1974. p.121.
16. McCollough E.G. Effective anesthesia. W.B. Saunders, 1994.
17. Ritter, F.N. Vasculatureof the nose. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. 79: 468, 1970.
18. Robin, J.L. Extramucosal method in rhinoplasty. Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 3:171, 1979.
19. Robison, J.M. Lymphangitis of the retropharyngeal lymphatic system. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 105:333, 1944.
20. Rohrich, R.J., and Gunter, J.P. Vascular basis for external approach to rhinoplasty. Surg. Forum 13:240, 1990.
21. Zide, B.M. Nasal anatomy: The muscles and tip sensation. Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 9:193, 1985.

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