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Tip Asymmetry

1. Berkeley, W.T. The lift nose. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 23:567-575, 1959.
2. Berkeley, T.W. Correction of the unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity. In W.C. Grabb, S.W. Rosenstein D.F. Bzock (eds.), Cleft Lip and Palate. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971.
3. Blair, V.P. Nasal deformities associated with congenital cleft of the lip. JAMA 84:185-187, 1925.
4. Cosman, B., Crikelair, G.F. Reconstruction of the unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity. Cleft Palate J. 2:95-111, 1965.
5. Dibbell, D.G. Cleft nasal reconstruction: Correcting the classical unilateral defect. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 69:264-271, 1982.
6. Millard, D.R., Jr. The unilateral celft nose. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 34:169-175, 1964.
7. Musgrave, R/H/ Surgery of nasal deformities associated with cleft lip. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 28:261, 1961.
8. Nishimura, Y. Autogenous septal cartilage graft in the correction of cleft lip nasal deformities. Br. J. Plast. Surg. 31:222-226, 1978.
9. Nishimura, Y., Ogino, Y. The use of two flaps for secondary correction of the cleft lip nose. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 60:390-394, 1977.
10. Rees, T.D., Guy, C.L., Converse, J.M. Repair of cleft lip nose: Addendum to the synchronous technique with full thickness skin grafting of nasal vestibule. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 37:41-51, 1966.
11. Rees, T.D., et al. The repair of cleft lip nose. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 37:47, 1966.
12. Reynolds, J.R., Horton, C.F. An alar lift procedure in cleft lip rhinoplasty. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 35:377, 1865.
13. Spira, M., Hardy, B., Geron, F. Correction of nasal deformities accompanying unilateral cleft lip. Cleft palate 7:112-123, 1970.

Hanging Columella

1. Armstrong D.P.: Aggressive management of the hanging columella. Plast.Reconstr. Surg. 65 :513-516, 1980.
2. Adamson P.A., Tropper G.J. The hanging columella. Toronto, Canada.
3. Crumley R.L.: Esthetics and surgery of the nasal base. Facial Plast. Surg. 5:135-142, 1988.
4. Gunter J.P., Rohrich: The importance of the alar-columellar relationship in rhinoplasty. Course compendium: Rhinoplasty 1988. Key Biscayne, Florida. December 1988.
5. Powell N., Humphreys B.: Proportions of the aesthetic face. Thieme-Stratton Inc. New York, 1984, pp. 29-31.
6. Randall P. The direct approach to the 'hanging columella.' Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 53:-544-547, 1974.
7. Sheen J.: Esthetic rhinoplasty: C.V. Mosby, St. Louis, 1978, pp. 75-80.